Understand the Process of Product Testing
Industries make most of the products we use in our lives. Examples of products we use in our day to day lives made from industries include drugs, foods, cosmetics, electronic goods, hardware among many others. These products are made from different raw materials. Unknown to many are the effects of the products when they are exposed to the public or the environment. For this reason, the government has made it compulsory for all products to go through product testing.
Consumer testing, product testing and comparative testing all refer to the same process of ascertaining the quality of industrial goods. Product testing involves doing a number of tests on products before they can be released to the public for use. Since sometimes it is impossible to test every product, a representative sample is used for testing. The overall rating of the products is, therefore, the results of the selected samples on the tests they were subjected to. Any product you see in the market has already undergone a number of tests before it was allowed into the market. Let us see some of the tests performed on consumer products before their release for use.
Food, cosmetics and drugs undergo a test only designed for them. Animal testing is the basic test done on these products before they can be tested on any human subjects. A manufacturer testing any product on any animals has to give an assurance of protecting the test animals. There then is made an assumption that the effects of the drug, food or cosmetic on the animal will be similar to those in human subjects and general consumers. An animal will then be given both oral and dermal tests of the product. For testing the effects of the products on humans or animals when ingested, the manufacturer administers oral tests. Dermal tests are then administered to ascertain the effects of the products to the skin of the animal and humans. Human subject testing is then done after the product has passed the tests on animals.
For products that we do not consume, the tests are not done on animals. Examples of products in this category include vehicles mobile devices, televisions, utensils and many more. Based on the uses of these products, the tests done on them vary from item to item. Simulation of the real environments for use of these products are used to conduct these tests. Stresses and all other dynamics that are bound to face the product in real life scenarios are created artificially and imposed on the product. Light, noise, wind, vibrations and other stresses are examples of the test parameters used to test these products.
The final tests before the release of any product for use are the environmental tests. How harmful the product of its remains are to the environment has to be established through tests before the release of the product. These tests aim at establishing how quickly the product decomposes and if it releases any harmful gases to the atmosphere. Failing the environmental test is enough ground to prevent the release of a product into the market.